Latest UPSC Sociology Optional Syllabus Book pdf | Civil Services (Mains) Sociology Optional Exam Syllabus India 2021

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UPSC Sociology Optional Syllabus Book pdf

UPSC Civil Services Main Exam Sociology as an optional paper. There are many optional subjects for UPSC Mains Exam. But most candidates choose Sociology as an optional subject. It is one of the easiest optional subjects among all other. The syllabus for UPSC Mains Sociology optional is narrow as compared to other optional subjects. In this subject many content include related to the society and knowledge.

UPSC Sociology Optional Exam Syllabus Pdf

Syllabus of UPSC Sociology Optional Exam available in PDF with all description provided below, go through the article for more details.

UPSC Sociology Optional Syllabus Book pdf

UPSC Sociology Optional Syllabus Book pdf is described below in detailed brief format. You can go through and start the preparation for the UPSC Sociology Optional Subject.

So, each and every applicant requested to visit official website of UPSC to download their live updates of UPSC Exam.

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Latest UPSC Sociology Optional Syllabus Book pdf 2021

Sociology Optional Syllabus for UPSC

In the UPSC Optional Subject list include 48 subjects, from that all one can be choose by the candidate for both the papers. Each optional subject divide of two papers(Paper I and Paper II).Each paper is 250 marks , total of 500 marks.

UPSC Sociology Optional Paper Syllabus – Paper I (Fundamentals of Sociology)

  1. Sociology – The Discipline
    1. Modernity and social changes in Europe and the emergence of sociology.
    2. Scope of the subject and comparison with other social sciences.
    3. Sociology and common sense.
  1. Sociology as Science:
    1. Science, scientific method and critique.
    2. Major theoretical strands of research methodology.
    3. Positivism and its critique.
    4. Fact value and objectivity.
    5. Non- positivist methodologies.
  1. Research Methods and Analysis:
    1. Qualitative and quantitative methods.
    2. Techniques of data collection.
    3. Variables, sampling, hypothesis, reliability and validity.
  1. Sociological Thinkers:
    1. Karl Marx- Historical materialism, mode of production, alienation, class struggle.
    2. Emile Durkheim- Division of labour, social fact, suicide, religion and society.
    3. Max Weber- Social action, ideal types, authority, bureaucracy, protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism.
    4. Talcolt Parsons- Social system, pattern variables.
    5. Robert K. Merton- Latent and manifest functions, conformity and deviance, reference groups.
    6. Mead – Self and identity.
  1. Stratification and Mobility:
    1. Concepts- equality, inequality, hierarchy, exclusion, poverty and deprivation.
    2. Theories of social stratification- Structural functionalist theory, Marxist theory, Weberian theory.
    3. Dimensions – Social stratification of class, status groups, gender, ethnicity and race.
    4. Social mobility- open and closed systems, types of mobility, sources and causes of mobility.
  1. Works and Economic Life:
    1. Social organization of work in different types of society- slave society, feudal society, industrial /capitalist society.
    2. Formal and informal organization of work.
    3. Labour and society.
  1. Politics and Society:
    1. Sociological theories of power.
    2. Power elite, bureaucracy, pressure groups, and political parties.
    3. Nation, state, citizenship, democracy, civil society, ideology.
    4. Protest, agitation, social movements, collective action, revolution.
  1. Religion and Society:
    1. Sociological theories of religion.
    2. Types of religious practices: animism, monism, pluralism, sects, cults.
    3. Religion in modern society: religion and science, secularization, religious revivalism, fundamentalism.
  1. Systems of Kinship:
    1. Family, household, marriage.
    2. Types and forms of family.
    3. Lineage and descent.
    4. Patriarchy and sexual division of labour.
    5. Contemporary trends.
  1. Social Change in Modern Society:
    1. Sociological theories of social change.
    2. Development and dependency.
    3. Agents of social change.
    4. Education and social change.
    5. Science, technology and social change.

UPSC Sociology Optional Paper Syllabus – Paper II 

The Sociology optional Paper II is divided into 3 different sections. Detailed syllabus of each section wise is given below:

A. Introducing Indian Society

  1. Perspectives on the study of Indian society:
    1. Indology (GS. Ghurye).
    2. Structural functionalism (M N Srinivas).
    3. Marxist sociology (A R Desai).
  2. Impact of colonial rule on Indian society :
    1. Social background of Indian nationalism.
    2. Modernization of Indian tradition.
    3. Protests and movements during the colonial period.
    4. Social reforms.

B. Social Structure:

  1. Rural and Agrarian Social Structure:
    1. The idea of Indian village and village studies.
    2. Agrarian social structure – evolution of land tenure system, land reforms.
  2. Caste System:
    1. Perspectives on the study of caste systems: GS Ghurye, M N Srinivas, Louis Dumont, Andre Beteille.
    2. Features of caste system.
    3. Untouchability – forms and perspectives.
  3. Tribal communities in India:
    1. Definitional problems.
    2. Geographical spread.
    3. Colonial policies and tribes.
    4. Issues of integration and autonomy.
  4. Social Classes in India:
    1. Agrarian class structure.
    2. Industrial class structure.
    3. Middle classes in India.
  5. Systems of Kinship in India:
    1. Lineage and descent in India.
    2. Types of kinship systems.
    3. Family and marriage in India.
    4. Household dimensions of the family.
  6. Religion and Society:
    1. Religious communities in India.
    2. Problems of religious minorities.
    3. Patriarchy, entitlements and sexual division of labour

C. Social Changes in India:

  1. Visions of Social Change in India:
    1. Idea of development planning and mixed economy.
    2. Constitution, law and social change.
    3. Education and social change.
  2. Rural and Agrarian transformation in India:
    1. Programmes of rural development, Community Development Programme, cooperatives, poverty alleviation schemes.
    2. Green revolution and social change.
    3. Changing modes of production in Indian agriculture .
    4. Problems of rural labour, bondage, migration.
  3. Industrialization and Urbanisation in India:
    1. Evolution of modern industry in India.
    2. Growth of urban settlements in India.
    3. Working class: structure, growth, class mobilization.
    4. Informal sector, child labour.
    5. Slums and deprivation in urban areas.
  4. Politics and Society:
    1. Nation, democracy and citizenship.
    2. Political parties, pressure groups , social and political elite.
    3. Regionalism and decentralization of power.
    4. Secularization
  5. Social Movements in Modern India:
    1. Peasants and farmers movements.
    2. Women’s movement.
    3. Backward classes & Dalit movement.
    4. Environmental movements.
    5. Ethnicity and Identity movements.
  6. Population Dynamics:
    1. Population size, growth, composition and distribution.
    2. Components of population growth: birth, death, migration.
    3. Population policy and family planning.
    4. Emerging issues: aging, sex ratios, child and infant mortality, reproductive health.
  7. Challenges of Social Transformation:
    1. Crisis of development: displacement, environmental problems, and sustainability.
    2. Poverty, deprivation and inequalities.
    3. Violence against women.
    4. Caste conflicts.
    5. Ethnic conflicts, communalism, religious revivalism.
    6. Illiteracy and disparities in education.

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How to Choose the Best Books for Sociology Optional Syllabus for UPSC

  • Sociology Optional Syllabus for UPSC: While choosing the study material for Sociology Optional Syllabus for UPSC exam, you must keep in mind that the books that you choose must cover the entire Sociology Optional Syllabus for UPSC. It must cover all the important topics which can be asked in the Sociology Optional Syllabus for UPSC exam question paper.
  • Edition: The books that you select it should be of the most recent edition which must include the latest topics and syllabus
  • Solved Sample Papers: A book with solved Sociology Optional Syllabus for UPSC exam sample papers will be of great help. Sample papers give you an insight into the Sociology Optional Syllabus for UPSC exam pattern, type of questions and at the same time help you in analyzing your progress.

Latest UPSC Sociology Optional Syllabus Book pdf 2021

Paper-wise Best Books for UPSC Sociology Optional Syllabus Book pdf Study Material

Check out the Paper-wise best books for all the sections of UPSC Sociology Optional Syllabus exam in the tables below.

Best Books for Paper I (Fundamental of Sociology)

Look at the table below to know the important books for Paper I.

Book name Author/Publisher Checkout
Fundamentals of Sociology Kindle Edition P. Gisbert (Author) Click Here
Sociology: Fundamental Sociology (Paper – 1) Paperback – 1 January 2014 Chopra J.K (Author) Click Here

Best Books for Paper II

Look at the table below to know the important books for Paper II section wise.

A. Introducing Indian Society

Book Name Author/ Publisher Checkout
Indian Society | For Civil Services Main Examination | GS Paper 1 | Second Edition | By Pearson Paperback – 30 June 2019 M. Senthil Kumar and S. Rijesh (Author) Click Here
Indian Society: Themes and Social Issues (For civil services and state services examinations) Paperback – 16 November 2019 Nadeem Hasnain  (Author) Click Here

B. Social Structure

Book Name Author/ Publisher Checkout
Structure of Social Action 2ed v1  Free Press Click Here

C. Social Changes in India

Book Name Author/ Publisher Checkout
Social Change in Modern India Textbook Binding – Import, 1 June 1966 M. N. Srinivas (Author) Click Here
NCERT textbook Sociology for – Introducing sociology class- XI, Indian society class-12, Social Change and Development in India class-12, Understanding Society class -XI Unknown Binding – 1 January 2018 SANSKRUTI BOOK HOUSE (Contributor) Click Here

Best Books for Previous Year Question Papers

This section of UPSC Sociology Optional Syllabus Book pdf exam has topics related to previous year question papers in English language. Candidates should also be updated with the latest information .

Book Name Author/ Publisher Checkout
IAS Main Sociology Topic wise Unsolved Question Papers New Vishal (Author) Click Here

Read More:

Question Bank Sociology (UPSC/SPSC/UGC NET/SLET & Other Higher Grade Examination) 15 Years Topicwise Solutions of Previous Years’ Papers (2002-2019) Sociology IAS MAINS Q&A

FAQs on UPSC Sociology Optional Syllabus Book pdf Preparation Books

Q: Which are the best books for UPSC Sociology Optional Syllabus Book paper I?

A: Best books for paper I of UPSC Sociology Optional Syllabus Book pdf is Fundamentals of Sociology Kindle Edition by P. Gisbert (Author).

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